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All bird species, their nests and young are protected by the England and Wales by the Wildlife & Countryside Act 1981 (as amended).

It is an offence to:

  • kill, injure or take any wild bird.
  • damage or destroy the nest or eggs of breeding birds.

In addition, particularly rare or vulnerable species listed on Schedule 1 of the 1981 Act gain enhanced protection when breeding.

Breaking the law can lead to fines of up to £5000 per offence and potential prison sentences of up to six months.

All nests should be surveyed by an experienced ecologist and can only be inspected by an ecologist with a license for the specific species concerned. If nests are present onsite, any work that could damage them must stop until the birds have completed breeding.


Client: Private

Wintering Bird Assemblage Survey

Survey routes were based on the Common Bird Census (CBC); transects/routes typically followed lines of vegetation (such as hedges), and avoided field margins with walking across open arable fields. All bird species found were recorded along with relevant aspects of behaviour and management recommendations were drawn up, to help the client understand what species were present and devise a strategy for the site.